• New scenarios are presented for the workings of the cosmos, spanning all nature from the smallest particles of subatomic matter to the expanse of space and all known objects therein. Mankind has always strived to understand his environment, searching for answers among very small and very large objects and phenomena. As answers have been found, most of them lead to new questions. New answers may lead to development of products and methods for enhancement of life and civilization.
  • Important questions have arisen that challenge the current view of the nature and interactions of space, time and matter. Questions involve the origin and expanse of the "universe" as well as the intricate nature of atomic matter. New viable theories are needed regarding the interactions of subatomic particles with atomic matter including a possible particle that is proposed as the originating source of all atomic matter and which continues to power the universe.
  • The subject matter of this theoretical writing is, perhaps, the most challenging in all of science. There is a need for fresh approaches. There remains controversy regarding the nature of space and time. There remain questions whether the universe is finite or infinite, and whether it had a spectacular beginning. There is controversy regarding whether gravity is indeed an attraction, or whether it is a net forward acceleration due to cosmic particles arriving from space. Is it possible that the "big bang" and "expanding universe" concepts may be replaced by a comprehensive theory of the nature of cosmic science"?

Figure 1

A new model of the universe continues to evolve as a result of the compatibility among its various parts. On the other hand, it is not compatible with the more well -known models taught in the twentieth century. It should be considered that there may be virtue in the apparent simplicity of the new model as it continues to evolve in the twenty-first century

Figure 1 proposes a major advancement of the theory as a whole. The illustration models an atom in space representing all of the elements and introduces a "speed of light filter" enclosing the body of the model. The functional filter selects from the basic cosmic particles arriving from space only those moving at the "speed of light." This concept suggests that "speed of light" is a property of all atoms and is therefore not a property of space.

The above illustration entitled “Speed of Light Acceptance Filter” (a functional illustration)” is shown as a green shell enclosing the atomic interior. The cosmic wind particles (BSP) are represented by outer dotted lines and the interior arrows represent speed of light (moving) particles. It is proposed that each of these particles deliver a quantum of kinetic energy to the atom’s interior.